Under the 'Clean Air Act' local authorities may declare the whole or part of the borough to be a smoke control area.
It's an offence to emit smoke from a chimney of a building, from a furnace or from any fixed boiler if located in a designated smoke control area.
- The majority of the occupied properties in the borough are within the smoke control area.
- The only settlements of more than two dwellings that are excluded are at Red Lumb and Lanehead in Rochdale. The only other areas that aren't covered are the open moor lands around Littleborough and Milnrow.
- The borough is covered by a total of 60 orders brought in between 1954 and 1989. The orders refer to the burning of fuel in 'grates' or fireplaces.
- They require that either an authorised smokeless fuel is burnt or an exempt appliance is used. Exempt appliances are
capable of burning an unauthorised or inherently smoky solid fuel without emitting smoke.
- It's an offence to emit smoke from a fireplace in a smoke control area if the smoke is caused by burning a non-authorised fuel in a non-exempt fireplace.